IELTS Animal Testing Essay
Here you will find an example of an IELTS animal testing essay.
In this essay, you are asked to discuss the arguments for and against animal testing, and then give your own conclusions on the issue.
This means you must look at both sides of the issue and you must also be sure you give your opinion too.
The essay is similar to an essay that says "Discuss both opinions and then give your opinion" but it is worded differently.
Take a look at the question and model answer below, and think about how the essay has been organised and how it achieves coherence and cohesion.
Animal Testing Essay
Animals Testing Essay - Model Answer
Issues related to animal experimentation are frequently discussed these days, particularly in the media. It is often said that animals should not be used in testing because it is cruel and unnecessary. This essay will examine the arguments for and against animal testing.
On the one hand, the people who support these experiments say that we must do tests on animals. For instance, many famous lifesaving drugs were invented in this way, and animal experiments may help us to find more cures in the future. Indeed, possibly even a cure for cancer and AIDS. Furthermore, the animals which are used are not usually wild but are bred especially for experiments. Therefore, they believe it is not true that animal experiments are responsible for reducing the number of wild animals on the planet.
On the other hand, others feel that there are good arguments against this. First and foremost, animal experiments are unkind and cause animals a lot of pain. In addition, they feel that many tests are not really important, and in fact animals are not only used to test new medicines but also new cosmetics, which could be tested on humans instead. Another issue is that sometimes an experiment on animals gives us the wrong result because animals’ bodies are not exactly the same as our own. As a consequence, this testing may not be providing the safety that its proponents claim.
In conclusion, I am of the opinion, on balance, that the benefits do not outweigh the disadvantages, and testing on animals should not continue. Although it may improve the lives of humans, it is not fair that animals should suffer in order to achieve this.
This animal testing essay would achieve a high score.
It fully answers all parts of the task- explaining the arguments 'for' in the first paragraph and the arguments 'against' in the next. Conclusions are then drawn with the writer giving their opinion in the conclusion.
It is thus very clearly organised, with each body paragraph having a central idea.
Ideas are also extended and supported by the use of reasons and some examples or further clarification. No ideas are left unclear or unexplained.
There is also some good topic related vocabulary in the animal testing essay such as 'life saving drugs' and 'bred' and a mix of complex sentences, such as adverbial clauses:
'Although it may improve the lives of humans, it is not fair that animals should suffer in order to achieve this'.
'...they feel that many tests are not really important'.
And relative clauses:
'...the animals which are used are not usually wild...'
Transitions are also used effectively to ensure there is good coherence and cohesion. For example, 'On the other hand..' indicates a change to discuss the contrasting ideas, and 'Therefore..." and 'As a consequence..' are used to give results.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Examine the arguments in favour of and against animal experiments, and come to a conclusion on this issue.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.
Write at least 250 words.
The practice of using the animal for testing has been debated for over decades, the animal testing debate has about if it is morally right or wrong to use animal during experiments. The term animal testing is the process of subjecting animal to clinical trials before conducting human trials. Animal testing involves developing an experiment to determine the effectiveness of certain drugs or product’s efficacy. Each year, more than 26 million animals in the US are used for experiments.
New medical treatments and commercial products are tested in animal first to verify the levels of toxicity of the product and also their safety levels before these products are finally tested on humans. Animals have been used for quite some time for biomedical respect that can be traced back during the Greek scientist like Aristotle period. Both scientists conducted medical experiments on live animals. Various scientists determined to improve the field of medicine conduct medical experiments using specific animals like rats or monkeys to develop an in-depth understanding of pathology and pharmacology effect of the drugs. The drugs can only be tested on humans after undergoing a series of tests on animals.
In the nineteenth-century Arab physicians known as Zuhr Ibn conducted several animal researches to assess the surgical procedures that could be applicable in humans. Since then, animal testing is seen to be the most efficient way to developing new drugs and products, policy makers are yet to be convinced that using animal for testing causes serious harm more to animals.
Other scientists and animal welfare groups have opposed such practice terming it as inhumane and should be banned. Despite numerous opposing opinions about animal testing, the practice is still alive in the 21 century in laboratories. Animal testing is used in education and applied in biomedical research. There are many animal testing being carried out even though various interest groups condemning such acts. These groups advocate for alternative testing methods to prohibit animal testing. Several animal welfare organizations have increased the levels of awareness about alternative testing without using animals. They argue that testing animals does not yield accurate results compared to human application; therefore, there is no need to involve animals in testing drugs or products.
Use of animals for medical purposes is seen to be necessary. Animal research and development usually begin their trials using rats. If the tests are successful, further tests are done on monkeys before using human beings. For testing, such tiered rounds are important because it reduces the level of error and any negative side effects. Scientist argues that animal testing has saved many lives and other alternatives might not produce accurate results like animal tests. The use of animal for research is an old concept that continued to be debated.
Medical experts argue that animals are not intentionally harmed; they are well taken care of and treated well. There are regulations for animal testing that limits the misuse of animal during research. However, animal welfare organizations claim that it is unnecessary to use animal for testing and the process needs to be stopped because it is inhuman and cruel. In conclusion, using animals for medical research is ethical and useful because it contributes to scientific development to improve human health. Despite the benefits of animal testing, some of the animal welfare organizations concerns need to be addressed with adequate regulations being enacted to ensure that animals are treated humanely.