Book, one author:
Berry, Wendell.The Gift of Good Land. San Francisco: Northpoint, 1981.
Book, two to three authors:
Lynd, Robert and Helen Lynd. Middletown: A Study in American Culture. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1929.
Book, four or more authors:
Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd, James Leloudis, Robert Korstad, Mary Murphy, Lu Ann Jones, and Christopher B. Daly.Like a Family: The Making of a
Southern Cotton Mill World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.
- Unlike in the footnote or endnote, all author names are written in the bibliography.
Book with editor:
Del Castillo, Adelaida R., ed. Between Borders: Essays on Mexicana/Chicana History. Encino, CA: Floricanto, 1990.
Chapter in a book:
Higdon Beech, Mary. "The Domestic Realm in the Lives of Hindu Women in Calcutta." In Separate Worlds: Studies of Purdah in South Asia,
edited by Hanna Papanek and Gail Minault, 110-38. Delhi, India: Chanakya, 1982.
- When citing an individual chapter (including instances when you cite a direct quote from the chapter), put the page numbers of the whole chapter after the book title or editor.
E-books downloaded from library or bookseller:
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.
E-books consulted online:
Elliot Antokoletz, Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartók (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.001.0001.
E-books on CD-ROM:
The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003), CD-ROM, 1.4.
E-books of freely available older works:
Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass (New York, 1855), 22, http://www.whitmanarchive.org/published/LG/1855/whole.html.
For the best printing results, use the printer-friendly PDF formatof this guide.
Encyclopedia or dictionary entry(14. 232 - 14.234)
- Well-known encyclopedias and dictionaries are usually cited only in notes, with the edition specified but not all the publication facts. It is not necessary to list them in bibliographies. Other subject-specific and lesser-known encyclopedias and dictionaries should include publication details in both notes and bibliographic entries (14.232).
- The abbreviation "s.v." (sub verbo, Latin for "under the word") is used to identify the article's title that is not signed (14.232).
- It may be appropriate to include the author of an entry if the entry is signed (12.232).
- If you cite an online encyclopedia or dictionary, always include an access date in addition to the short form of the URL. This is because online versions of encyclopedias are subject to continuous updates (12.233).
- If the article you are citing was found in a database, provide the database name (e.g. ) and any identification number in parentheses after the publication details (14.175).
This guide is based on The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) and provides only selected citation examples for commonly used sources, and of notes/bibliography style only. For more detailed information, directly consult a print copy or online version of the style manual available at the SFU Library and at the SFU Bookstore.
Chicago style is sometimes referred to as Turabian style, which is a modified version of Chicago style, and which is outlined in Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7thed. [print].